Answer Bank

Frequently Asked Questions


How does gluten actually attack the villi?

The villi are not attacked by gluten. Gluten only triggers the reaction of the lymphocytes, which thus are become “licensed to kill” (in fact they are called NK cells, where NK stands for Natural Killers), migrate into the lining of the gut, and destroy the cells of the lining by producing chemicals that make them commit suicide, a process known as apoptosis. May, 2017